The 30 Most Important Dative Verbs in German 

Die 30 wichtigsten Dativverben in Deutsch

 

Es gibt Verben, die immer nur den Dativ verlangen. There are certain verbs which always only demand the DATIVE.

Hier ist meine persönliche Liste von den 30 wichtigsten Dativverben:

Here is my personal list of the 30 most important Dativ verbs:

 

  1. ähneln – to look like/ to resemble: Der Junge ähnelt seinem Vater sehr. The boy looks very much like his father.
  2. antworten – to answer: Ich antworte dem Mann. I answer the man.
  3. applaudieren – to applaud: Das Publikum applaudiert dem Schauspieler. The audience applauds the actor.
  4. ausweichen – to avoid: Ich weiche dem Auto aus. I avoid the car.
  5. befehlen – to command/ order: Ich befehle dir das zu tun. I command you to do this.
  6. begegnen – to meet: Sie begegnet einem Mann. She meets a man.
  7. beitreten – to join: Wir treten dem Fußballverein bei. We join the football club.
  8. danken – to thank: Ich danke dir für dein Geschenk. I thank you for the present.
  9. drohen – to threaten: Er droht dem Jungen. He threatens the boy.
  10. fehlen – to be lacking: Du fehlst mir! I miss you! (Literally: You are lacking in my life.)
  11. folgen – to follow: Ich folge dir bis ans Ende der Welt. I follow you to the end of the world.
  12. gefallen – to be pleasing: Das Kleid gefällt mir. I like this dress.
  13. gehorchen– to obey: Die Kinder müssen dem Lehrer gehorchen. The kids have to obey the teacher.
  14. gehören – to belong to: Das Auto gehört mir. It’s my car. (Literally: The car belongs to me.)
  15. gelingen – to succeed: Das ist dir gut gelungen. You did a good job. (Literally: You succeeded well at this.)
  16. genügen – to suffice, be enough: Eine Tasse Kaffe genügt mir. One cup of coffee is enough for me.
  17. glauben – to believe: Ich glaube deinem Mann. I believe your husband.
  18. gratulieren – to congratuate: Ich gratuliere dir zum Geburtstag. I wish you a happy birthday.
  19. helfen – to help: Kannst du mir bitte helfen? Can you please help me?
  20. nützen – to be of use, utilize: Das Programm nützt ihm nichts. The programm is of no use for him.
  21. passen – to fit: Die Hose passt mir nicht. The pants don’t fit me.
  22. passieren– to happen to: Ist dir das auch schon einmal passiert? Has this ever happened to you too?
  23. raten – to advise/ to recommend: Ich rate dir nicht zu kommen. I recommend you not to come.
  24. schaden – to be harmful: Das schadet der Pflanze sehr. This is harmful for the plant.
  25. schmecken – to taste: Der Kuchen schmeckt mir sehr gut. The cake tastes great [to me].
  26. vertrauen – to trust: Ich vertraue dir. I trust you.
  27. verzeihen – to forgive: Kannst du mir bitte verzeihen? Can you please forgive me?
  28. weh tun – to hurt: Der Junge tut dem Mädchen weh. The boy is hurting the girl.
  29. widersprechen – to contradict/ to diagree: Ich widerspreche meinem Freund. I contradict my boyfriend.
  30. zustimmen – to agree to: Ich stimme dir zu. I agree with you.

December 20, 2016

8 responses on "The 30 Most Important Dative Verbs in German "

  1. Profile photo of cnairn

    Hallo Ania!

    What is the difference between these two verbs? nützen and nutzen

    Danke.

    • Profile photo of cnairn

      I have secondary question. It’s basically on the same point as my previous question, as I was trying to find out if “nutzen” was dative, as well as, “nützen “.

      So, if so, can I assume that any synonymous verbs are also dative?

      i.e. Ausweichen is dative, so, does that mean than meiden and vermeiden are also dative? BUT, I see that “umgehen” also means “to avoid”. Um is an accusative preposition, so..? Or is it dependent on the actual use of the verb to determine the case?

      Ich hoffe, dass alles klar ist.

      Vielen Dank!

      • Profile photo of undefined-2

        Hi Christopher! Good questions you have here 🙂 Yes, both of them use the Dative. You can say: “Das nutzt/nützt mir nichts.” Here you can find more information about these words: http://goo.gl/jQ0csY

        “Meiden” demands the Accusative: “Ich meide ihn”. The same is true for “vermeiden”: “Ich vermeide einen Unfall.” So no, synonymous verbs are not always dative (only if they have the same word stem).

        “Umgehen” is Accusative, that is right. Normally, the actual verb demands the case, for example “mitnehmen + Accusative”. The preposition “mit” normally demands the Dative case. However, we say: “Ich nehme dich mit.” (I give you a ride) And “dich” is Accusative. Hope this helps! Let me know if you have more questions.

  2. Profile photo of hossain

    Hello ania …you are great …..i have watched you most the videos ……you are so pure …..please will you able to make a list of dativ’sand accusative’s verbs and prepositions ….and changes of articles on each site …and changes of personal pronoun between dative case and accusative case … Please …???

  3. Profile photo of hossain

    Hello ania …you are great …..i have watched you most the videos ……you are so pure …..please will you able to make a list of dativ’sand accusative’s verbs and prepositions ….???

  4. Profile photo of

    Hello Ania,
    Please help.
    I can understand ”Ich gratuliere den Jungen (plural).”,
    but cannot understand ”Ich gratuliere dem Jungen (singular).”

    Could you please explain why ”dem Jungen” and not ”dem Junge” ??

    Many thanks

  5. Profile photo of

    Hello Ania,
    Please help again. Akkusativ.

    1.
    I can understand ”Ich pflege die Patienten (plural).”
    but cannot understand ” Ich pflege den Patienten (singular).”

    Could you please explain why ”den Patienten” and not ”den Patient” ??

    2.
    I can understand ”Auf welche Namen (plural) ist die Reservation?.”
    but cannot understand ”Auf welchen Namen (singular) ist die Reservation?”

    Could you please explain why ”welchen Namen” and not ”welchen Name” ??
    Many thanks Ania

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