1) Plural immer “Die”

2) When a masc. or neuter noun ends with -er, -el, -en, -chen, -lein —> no change
das Messer – die Messer (the knife/the knives), das Fenster – die Fenster (the window/s)

3) When a noun ends with -e, add -n
der Junge – die Jungen (the boy/s), die Tasche – die Taschen (the bag/s)

4) most masculine + neuter nouns add -e
der Freund – die Freunde (the friend/s), der Ball – die Bälle (the ball/s)

5) most feminine nouns -en or -n
die Frau – die Frauen (the woman/the women), die Banane – the Bananen

ABER Es gibt viele Ausnahmen! – BUT Lots of exceptions! —> If you want to know more, please watch the next video.